Sadly, exotic wild animals are not only kept in zoos and animal parks but also in people's living rooms and in private enclosures. From the perspective of animal welfare, wild animals and even many popular 'pets' are completely unsuited for private keeping. In contrast to domesticated species like dogs and cats, wild animals have not adapted to life in human care even over hundreds of years.
Many species have specific needs that a private household will never be able to fulfil. International trade with animals captured in the wild is a further major issue. For this reason, FOUR PAWS says a clear 'no' to the keeping of exotic creatures like macaws, iguanas or exotic small mammals like chinchillas.
Big cats as pets
The private ownership of big cats, such as lions and tigers, remains a huge animal welfare and human safety issue. More than 10,000 big cats are estimated to be in private ownership in the U.S. However, the actual number is unknown, as there is no federal law or comprehensive regulatory system in place to document how many captive-bred big cats are kept as pets by private owners. Instead, laws on private ownership of exotic animals fall to state governments, with at least four states having no laws regulating the private possession of wild or exotic animals, which includes big cats.
As naturally wild animals, owners attempt to “tame” big cats through cruel handling and barbaric treatment, including declawing and defanging them, thus crippling and subjecting the cats to a life of chronic pain and debilitation. Even with these extreme measures, big cats retain their wild instincts and many accidents and deaths have occurred over the years involving the owners and general public. Too often such incidents result in the big cat’s death.
Sanctuaries today are filled to capacity with big cats who were either: relinquished to them by owners who could no longer afford to feed and care for the animals; confiscated by law enforcement due to neglect, abandonment, or animal cruelty; or rescued from roadside attractions, circuses, exotic animal auctions, and other public exhibits.
FOUR PAWS DEMANDS
- A ban on selling wild animals at fairs and exhibitions.
- Regulations for the private keeping of wild animals and the compilation of a 'positive list' focusing on:
- Criteria regarding animal protection and appropriate conditions for keeping wild animals
- Criteria for potential dangers to both people and animals
- Criteria with regard to risk factors in the areas of nature protection and the protection of species
- The introduction of a compulsory certificate of competence.
- Compulsory registration for private keepers.
- An EU ban on the import of animals captured in the wild.