Foie Gras Production in Bulgaria

Foie Gras 

The dark side of a delicacy


The pricey delicacy foie gras has a dark and haunting truth behind its production, based on incredible cruelty to animals. Through force-feeding, ducks and geese are intentionally tortured and made successively ill in order to produce this 'luxury product'.  A long pipe is rammed into the oesophagus three times a day. A mixture of corn and pure fat is administered through this pipe, intended to cause rapid weight gain. The liver is unable to properly process these large amounts of fat, resulting in abnormal storing of fat. Due to this pathologic degeneration, the animal’s liver can grow up to 10 times its normal size.

What force-feeding means for ducks and geese 

Through force-feeding, the fat content of the liver increases to over 50 percent. By the end of their lives, the animals can hardly move independently because of their corpulent bodies: their thin legs are often unable to support the weight and snap. 

In addition, the brutal procedure of force-feeding through a long pipe leads to grave damage to the oesophagus. This is most clearly seen when the animals are left heavily panting after the feed has been administered.  

Four facts about force-feeding

three weeks of torture

Gänse in Legebatterien

Ducks are generally force-fed for up to 15 days,
geese for up to 21 days.

feeding lasts three seconds

Gans in einem Käfig

Mechanised systems can force-feed up to 400 animals per hour, making them successively ill.  

the amount of food
increases each time

Gans wird gestopft

The increasing quantity of food makes the liver grow to 10 times its normal size.

the mortality rate is two to four percent

Gans wird ein Metallrohr in die Speiseröhre eingsetzt

Many animals die due to the brutality of the production.

what you can do to stop force-feeding

  • Take care when purchasing duck and goose meat from France, Spain, Bulgaria and Hungary, since these countries export foie gras.
  • Look out for duck and geese meat without 'giblets'! If the liver is missing, it is hard to prove that the animal was not force-fed.
  • Check the EC identification mark (the oval-shaped EU code) on the product.
  • Caution when buying goose liver pates, terrines and similar products made from duck liver. Even products originating in countries where force-feeding is prohibited can contain foie gras or meat from force-fed poultry.
  • Look twice when shopping on your farmers' market! Not all the ducks and geese on offer come from farms that do not force feed. Even fresh, unwrapped poultry may have been force-fed. Ask for details of the origin and if in doubt, do not purchase the meat.
  • Think about the fact that conventional duck and goose farming also contravenes animal welfare. How about vegetarian or vegan alternatives this Christmas, or at least organic meat? Take a look at our delicious animal-friendly recipes here.

What to do as a witness of farm animal suffering

Dairy cow

Find out more about food and animal welfare


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